Docking technology is critical in the maritime industry for maintaining and repairing vessels. With the evolution of maritime engineering, various docking systems have been developed to cater to different types of vessels and their unique maintenance needs. This article delves into the fundamental reasons behind the creation of different docking systems, the distinct features of each system, their advantages and disadvantages, and an overview of shipyards in Batam that offer these facilities. Finally, we will highlight the benefits of docking ships in Batam, emphasizing the services provided by PT. Bisa Jasa Segara, also known as Batam Shipping Agency.

The Rationale Behind Different Docking Systems

Different docking systems have been designed to address the varied requirements of vessels based on their size, type, and the nature of maintenance work needed. The primary objective is to ensure the safety and efficiency of docking operations while minimizing downtime. Key factors influencing the choice of a docking system include:

  1. Vessel Size and Type: Larger vessels require more substantial infrastructure, whereas smaller ships can be serviced with more flexible solutions.
  2. Maintenance Requirements: Some maintenance tasks are more efficiently performed in certain types of docks.
  3. Operational Efficiency: The speed and ease of docking and undocking impact the overall efficiency of maintenance operations.
  4. Cost Considerations: Different systems vary in cost, both in terms of initial setup and ongoing operational expenses.

Types of Docking Systems

1. Floating Dock

A floating dock is a platform that can be submerged to allow a vessel to be floated in and then raised to lift the vessel out of the water.


  • Versatile and can be moved to different locations.
  • Suitable for a wide range of vessel sizes.


  • Requires complex balancing and stabilization mechanisms.
  • Higher operational costs due to the need for constant adjustments.

2. Slipway Dock

A slipway dock involves a ramp that extends from the shore into the water, allowing vessels to be hauled out of the water on a cradle.


  • Simple and cost-effective.
  • Quick docking and undocking process.


  • Limited to smaller vessels.
  • Weather and tidal conditions can impact operations.

3. Graving Dock

A graving dock is a large basin constructed on land, which can be flooded to allow a vessel to enter and then drained to expose the vessel’s hull.


  • Ideal for large vessels and extensive repairs.
  • Provides a stable working environment.


  • High construction and maintenance costs.
  • Fixed location limits flexibility.

4. Synchrolift Dock

A synchrolift dock uses a platform that can be raised and lowered vertically to lift vessels out of the water and move them to different locations within the shipyard.


  • Highly versatile and can handle multiple vessels simultaneously.
  • Efficient use of space within the shipyard.


  • Requires sophisticated machinery and control systems.
  • High initial investment.

Shipyards in Batam with Docking Facilities

Batam is a hub for shipbuilding and repair, equipped with state-of-the-art facilities to accommodate a variety of vessels. Some notable shipyards with docking capabilities include:

  1. PaxOcean: Offers a comprehensive range of docking services with large graving docks and floating docks capable of handling vessels up to 350,000 DWT.
  2. ASL Marine: Equipped with slipways and floating docks, suitable for medium to large-sized vessels.
  3. Graha Trisaka Industri (GTI): Features advanced synchrolift systems and floating docks, catering to a diverse fleet of ships.

Benefits of Docking in Batam

Choosing Batam for docking and ship repair offers several advantages:

  1. Strategic Location: Batam’s proximity to major shipping routes makes it an ideal stopover for maintenance and repairs.
  2. Skilled Workforce: The island boasts a skilled and experienced workforce proficient in various aspects of ship repair and maintenance.
  3. Comprehensive Services: PT. Bisa Jasa Segara (Batam Shipping Agency) provides end-to-end agency services, ensuring smooth operations from arrival to departure.
  4. Cost-Effective Solutions: Competitive pricing compared to other major ship repair hubs in the region.
  5. Modern Infrastructure: Access to advanced docking facilities and state-of-the-art technology.

Docking technology has evolved to meet the diverse needs of the maritime industry, with each system offering unique benefits and challenges. Batam, with its strategic location and advanced facilities, stands out as a premier destination for ship docking and repair. PT. Bisa Jasa Segara, with its comprehensive agency services, ensures that vessels receive top-notch care, optimizing their operational efficiency and longevity. Whether it’s a minor repair or extensive maintenance, docking in Batam offers a reliable, cost-effective, and efficient solution for all maritime needs.